吴婕,石英. 2024. 登陆中国的热带气旋风雨影响变化的RegCM4集合预估[J]. 气象学报, (0):-, doi:[doi]
登陆中国的热带气旋风雨影响变化的RegCM4集合预估
Projected changes in wind and rainfall associated with the tropical cyclones landing in China based on an ensemble of RegCM4 simulations
投稿时间:2023-08-08  修订日期:2024-01-04
DOI:
中文关键词:  中国,登陆热带气旋,风雨影响,区域气候模式,预估
英文关键词:China, Landfall tropical cyclone, Wind and rainfall, Regional climate model, Projection
基金项目:科技创新2030-“新一代人工智能”重大项目-“基于大数据的产量智能预测与灾损评估”(2022ZD0119503)、江西省高校人文社会科学研究项目(JC21229)、中国长江三峡集团有限公司项目(0704181)
作者单位邮编
吴婕 赣南师范大学地理与环境工程学院 341000
石英* 国家气候中心 100081
摘要点击次数: 12
全文下载次数: 9
中文摘要:
      登陆热带气旋通过带来狂风、暴雨,给中国沿海地区的人民生活和经济财产造成巨大影响,合理预估全球变暖背景下登陆中国热带气旋的风雨影响,可为中国沿海地区的防灾减灾工作提供科学指导。文章基于5个CMIP5全球气候模式驱动的区域气候模式RegCM4对当代和两种情景下21世纪末期的动力降尺度模拟结果,评估了区域气候模式对当代登陆中国的热带气旋强度、路径、风雨影响的模拟能力,在此基础上,对这些TC特征的未来变化进行了预估。结果表明:区域气候模式可以合理再现观测中登陆中国的热带气旋主要特征,但也存在一定的偏差。未来在RCP4.5和RCP8.5情景下,登陆辽宁、山东、江苏、广东、广西、海南和整个中国的热带气旋数量都将增加,其中辽宁、山东和江苏的增幅较大。相比当代,登陆中国后的热带气旋强度和大风影响将增加。登陆热带气旋的路径频率有向北移动的倾向,热带气旋导致的平均降水强度在大部分地区将加强,在山东半岛及其附近海域将减少。总体上,在全球变暖背景下,本世纪末期将有更强、更多的热带气旋登陆中国,且其带来的风雨影响也将加强。
英文摘要:
      The people’s life and economy development in coastal areas of China was severely impacted by the strong wind and heavy rain caused by landfall tropical cyclones (TCs). Thus, in the context of global warming, future changes in wind and rainfall associated with the TCs is of great useful for disaster prevention and reduction in China"s coastal areas. Based on a set of dynamical downscale simulations using a regional climate model RegCM4 driven by five Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) global climate models over East Asia, the intensities, tracks, wind and rainfall of TCs landing in China in the present-day period (1986-2005) was firstly evaluated, and then the changes of these characteristics at the end of the 21st century (2079-2098) under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios were analyzed. Results show that the RegCM4 can reproduce the main features of the observed landfall TCs during 1986-2005, although with some bias. Under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios, the numbers of TCs landing in Liaoning Province, Shandong Province, Jiangsu Province, Guangdong Province, Guangxi Province, Hainan Province and the whole China region will increase, with large increases in Liaoning Province, Shandong Province and Jiangsu Province. Compared to the present-day, the intensity of TCs after landing in China and the impact of strong winds will increase. In addition, the tracks of landfall TCs tend to move northward, and the rainfall intensities will be stronger in most areas, except those over Shandong Peninsula and its adjacent waters. Overall, stronger and more TCs will land in China in the future. Meanwhile, the wind and rainfall associated with landfall TCs will be enhanced.
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