张改珍,刘波. 2022. 西学东渐时期西方气象科技在中国的传入张改珍[J]. 气象学报, (0):-, doi:[doi]
西学东渐时期西方气象科技在中国的传入张改珍
The Introduction of Western Meteorological Science and Technology in China during the Period of Western Learning
投稿时间:2021-07-08  修订日期:2022-03-10
DOI:
中文关键词:  西方气象科学技术科技  西学东渐  中国早期气象事业和知识传播
英文关键词:Western Meteorological Science and Technology  Meteorology Western Learning  Early Meteorological Business and Knowledge Dissemination in China
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
张改珍 中国气象局气象干部培训学院 100081
刘波  100081
摘要点击次数: 84
全文下载次数: 37
中文摘要:
      分明末清初和晚清民国两个阶段,从科学(理念)和技术(器物)两个层面对西学东渐时期西方气象科技在中国的传入进行事件梳理,以研究西方气象科技输入对中国早期气象事业和知识传播的推动和启蒙作用。两阶段气象科技输入发生在中国不同历史时期,呈现出不同的特点。明末清初西方气象科技输入在宫廷和士大夫阶层中间产生了一定影响,却也并未对中国早期气象事业和知识传播起到实质性、落地性的推动和启蒙作用。晚清民国阶段却大为不同,无论从广度还是深度,所起的作用要较明末清初阶段大得多,对中国早期气象事业和知识传播起到了推动和启蒙作用。这段历史从以开放的心态和态度对待科学技术引进、注重科学技术本地化、先进的科学技术的认识三方面带给我们启示。
英文摘要:
      In order to study the promotion and enlightenment of Western meteorological science and technology input to China"s early meteorological cause and knowledge dissemination,distinguish the two stages of the late Ming and early Qing and the late Qing and early the Republic of China, from the two levels of science (idea) and technology (artifacts), the introduction of western meteorological science and technology into China during the period when western learning spreads to the east is analyzed. The two-stage meteorological science and technology input occurred in different historical periods in China and presented different characteristics. The input of western meteorological science and technology in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties had a certain impact on the court and the literati class, but it did not play a substantial and practical role in promoting and enlightening China"s early meteorological business and knowledge dissemination. The stage of the late Qing Dynasty and early the Republic of China was very different. No matter in terms of breadth or depth, it played a much larger role than the stage of the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, and played a role in promoting and enlightening China"s early meteorological business and knowledge dissemination. We should be inspired by three aspects: an open attitude towards the introduction of science and technology, an emphasis on the localization of science and technology, and a correct attitude towards science and technology .
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