雷小途. 2021. 中国台风联防与科研协作及其对中国台风学科发展的作用综述*[J]. 气象学报, (0):-, doi:10.11676/qxxb2021.033
中国台风联防与科研协作及其对中国台风学科发展的作用综述*
Overview of typhoon prevention and cooperation research and its contribution in China
投稿时间:2020-11-08  修订日期:2021-03-20
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2021.033
中文关键词:  台风,科研协作,联防,科学讨论会
英文关键词:Typhoon,cooperation  research,joint  prevention,scientific  seminar
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(编号:2018YFC1506400)
作者单位邮编
雷小途 上海市气象局 200030
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全文下载次数: 22
中文摘要:
      中国是全球台风灾害最严重的国家之一,也是最早记录台风灾害的国家。加强对台风活动规律的认识研究,进而研发台风监测预报技术,是提高防台减灾能力的必由之路。中国全国有组织的台风联防和科研大协作分别始于1950年代及1970年代,先后建立了全国台风会商和科学讨论会等较完备的全国台风联防及科研协作机制,并沿用至今,取得了丰硕的成果,促进了中国的台风学科发展,奠基了全国台风灾害联防体系。本文对此进行了简要的回顾和概述,旨在促进中国特色台风联防及科研协作机制的继承和发展。
英文摘要:
      China is one of the countries with the most severe typhoon disasters in the world, and is also the country to earliest record typhoon disasters. Strengthening the understanding on the mechanism of typhoon activity, and then developing the monitoring and forecasting technology is the only way to improve the ability of typhoon prevention and disaster reduction.The nationwide organized typhoon joint prevention and cooperation research began in China in the 1950s and 1970s, respectively.A relatively complete national cooperation mechanism has been established successively, such as the national typhoon conference and scientific seminar, and working until to now.It has achieved fruitful results, particularly promoted the development of typhoon discipline in China, and laid the foundation for the national typhoon disaster joint prevention system.This article provides a brief review and overview of typhoon prevention and cooperation research in China, aiming to promote the inheritance and development of typhoon joint prevention and cooperation research mechanisms with Chinese characteristics.
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