武炳义,黄荣辉,高登义. 2001. 北极海冰的厚度和面积变化对大气环流影响的数值模拟[J]. 气象学报, 59(4):414-428, doi:10.11676/qxxb2001.045
北极海冰的厚度和面积变化对大气环流影响的数值模拟
NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS ON INFLUENCE OF SEA-ICE THICKNESS AND EXTENT VARIATION IN ARCTIC ON ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION
投稿时间:1999-05-28  修订日期:2000-06-09
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2001.045
中文关键词:  北极海冰  厚度  东亚季风  巴伦支海  数值模拟
英文关键词:Arctic seaice  T hickness  East Asia monsoon  The Barents Seas  Numerical simulation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目"北极海冰变化对东亚季风的影响研究"(No.49905003)武炳义 黄荣辉 高登义中国科学院大气物理研究所,北京,100029
作者单位
武炳义 中国科学院大气物理研究所, 北京, 100029 
黄荣辉 中国科学院大气物理研究所, 北京, 100029 
高登义 中国科学院大气物理研究所, 北京, 100029 
摘要点击次数: 2837
全文下载次数: 3321
中文摘要:
      文中利用中国科学院大气物理研究所设计的两层大气环流模式,模拟研究了北极海冰厚度和面积变化对大气环流的影响,尤其是对东亚区域气候变化的影响.模式中海冰厚度处理趋于合理分布,导致东亚冬、夏季风偏强,使冬季西伯利亚高压和冰岛低压的模拟结果更趋合理;另一方面,海冰厚度变化可以激发出跨越欧亚大陆的行星波传播,在低纬度地区,该行星波由西太平洋向东太平洋地区传播;海冰厚度变化对低纬度地区的对流活动也有影响.冬季北极巴伦支海海冰变化对后期大气环流也有显著的影响.数值模拟结果表明:冬季巴伦支海海冰偏多(少)时,春季(4~6月)北太平洋中部海平面气压升高(降低),阿留申低压减弱(加深),有利于春季白令海海冰偏少(多);而夏季,亚洲大陆热低压加深(减弱),500hPa西太平洋副热带高压位置偏北(南)、强度偏强(弱),东亚夏季风易偏强(弱).
英文摘要:
      By using IAP 2L-GCM,the influence of variation of sea ice thickness and extent in Arctic on atmospheric circulation,especially on East A sian climate variations is investigated.The results indicate that an nearly reasonable distribution of sea-ice thickness in A rcticin the model leads directly to stronger winter and summer monsoon over East Asia,and improves the model's simulation results for Siberia High and Icelandic Low in winter.On the other hand,sea-ice thickness variation can excite the teleconnection wave trains across Asian Continent,and in the low latitude region,the wave propagates from the Western Pacific across the equat or to the Eastern Pacific.In addition,variation of seaice thickness also influences convective act ivities over A sian low latitude region.The effect of winter seaice extent in the Kara and the Barents Seas on atmospheric circulation in the following spring and summer is also significant.The simulation result shows that when winter seaice extent in the target region is larger (sm aller) than normal,(1) in spring (from April to June),positive (negative) SLP anomalies occupy the northern central Pacific,which lead directly to weakened (deepened) A leutian Low and light (heavy) seaice in Bering Sea;(2) in summer,thermal depression in A sian Continent is deepened (weakened),and Subtropical High in the western Pacific shifts northward (southward) from its normal position and to be strengthened (weakened).
HTML   查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
分享按钮