高守亭,周玉淑. 2001. 水平切变线上涡层不稳定理论[J]. 气象学报, 59(4):393-404, doi:10.11676/qxxb2001.043
水平切变线上涡层不稳定理论
THE INSTABILITY OF THE VORTEX SHEET ALONG THE HORIZONTAL SHEAR LINE
投稿时间:1991-09-01  修订日期:2000-04-03
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2001.043
中文关键词:  切变线  诱导速度  涡层不稳定
英文关键词:Shear line  Induced velocity  Instability of the vortex sheet
基金项目:"我国重大气候和天气灾害形成机理与预测理论研究”项目(G1998040907);国家自然科学基金重点课题"中尺度强对流动力学研究”(49735180).
作者单位
高守亭 中国科学院大气物理研究所, 大气边界层物理和大气化学国家重点实验室, 北京, 100029 
周玉淑 中国科学院大气物理研究所, 大气边界层物理和大气化学国家重点实验室, 北京, 100029 
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中文摘要:
      文中打破了传统的Kelvin-Helmholtz研究切变不稳定的观点,考虑了强涡度切变存在时切变线已构成了一个涡层,这时切变线的不稳定问题就变为涡层的不稳定问题.同时考虑由涡层所产生的诱导速度,从理论上得到了水平切变线上涡层不稳定必要条件的判据,即必须满足(1-Rv+Rid)>0,且有U(y,t)>U(A(t))与之相配合.这表明环境场的配置制约着切变线上扰动的发展,这种中尺度扰动同环境场存在着相互作用.文中还用具体个例对如何计算不稳定必要条件做了解释和说明.
英文摘要:
      The traditional Kelvin-Helmholtz notion of studying the shearinst ability is not suitable to the shear line with the strong horizontal wind shear.For this case,the shear line should be considered as the vortex sheet.Since then,the instability of this kind of the shear line becomes the instability of the vortex sheet rather than the traditional shear instability.If the velocity is induced by the vortex sheet,the in equalities, (1-Rv+Rid)>0 and U(y,t)>U(A(t)) become the criterion of the vortex sheet instability.This criterion indicates that the disposition of environment field rest rains the disturbance developing along the shearline,there exist multi-scale interactions between this mesoscale disturbance and environment field.The calculation of the necessary condition for the instability is also presented in this paper.
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